Bridging the gap: From the laboratory science education of the 19th century in Greece to STEM education

Panagiotis Lazos 1 2 * , Constantina Stefanidou 1, Constantine Skordoulis 1
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1 Department of Primary Education, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, GREECE
2 4th Laboratory Center of Natural Sciences of Athens, Greek Ministry of Education, Athens, GREECE
* Corresponding Author
EUR J SCI MATH ED, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp. 1-10.
Published Online: 25 October 2023, Published: 01 January 2024
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The objectives of the present study are to investigate both the history of the collection of scientific instruments from the Maraslean Teaching Center (MTC) and the potential for the collection’s use in STEM education programs. Although MTC went by a number of different names during its long history, its institutional goal remained the same: training the Greek state’s primary school teachers-to-be. To so do, it was necessary to assemble a collection of scientific instruments. The first objective of the paper is to present in detail the gradual enlargement of the collection from the last quarter of the 19th century through to the 1930s, along with the way the instruments were used in science lessons and the central role MTC played in relation to other regional teaching schools in Greece in terms of the distribution, administration, repair and maintenance of the equipment. The second objective is to investigate the role the historical scientific instruments can play not only in the history of science, but also in contemporary science teaching. The findings reveal that the history of laboratory physics education in MTC along with the corresponding collection of the historical scientific instruments can be a fertile ground for implementing STEM education programs. Finally, the findings imply the broader integration of STEM education and history of science in order to promote cultural and procedural aspects of science in student teachers and beyond. Such integration gives rise to broader research on introducing STEM education to cultural embedded environments, such as museums and historically important schools and laboratories, such as MTC.


Lazos, P., Stefanidou, C., & Skordoulis, C. (2024). Bridging the gap: From the laboratory science education of the 19th century in Greece to STEM education. European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 12(1), 1-10.


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