Management of semiotic representations in mathematics: Quantifications and new characterizations

Federica Ferretti 1, Alessandro Gambini 2, Camilla Spagnolo 3 *
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1 University of Ferrara, Ferrara, ITALY
2 Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, ITALY
3 Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Bolzano, ITALY
* Corresponding Author
EUR J SCI MATH ED, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp. 11-20.
Published Online: 25 October 2023, Published: 01 January 2024
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As highlighted in the literature, one of the main difficulties in mathematics is the management of different semiotic representations. This difficulty occurs in verticals throughout schooling and is often an obstacle to the proper learning process of mathematics. The present study aims to investigate the different facets of these difficulties with regard to mathematical tasks in secondary school. In particular, questions from Italian large-scale mathematics assessments are analyzed and interpreted through the theoretical lens of Duval’s (1993) theory. Statistical analyses on a robust national sample allow a framing of the main difficulties and provide valuable information in this field.


Ferretti, F., Gambini, A., & Spagnolo, C. (2024). Management of semiotic representations in mathematics: Quantifications and new characterizations. European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 12(1), 11-20.


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